Free Consultation: 412.780.0008 If a temporary PFA becomes “permanent,” it can have a significant impact on the Defendant’s life: it creates a public record that he (or she) is an “abuser” or “stalker,” which can jeopardize (1) job opportunities (if the PFA comes up in a background check), (2) custody rights; and even (3) one’s… Continue reading Why Do Judges Grant Questionable PFAs?
Free Consultation: 412.780.0008 The answer to this question is: Maybe. The violation of a PFA involves a criminal proceeding called an “indirect criminal contempt” action, or ICC. The burden of proof is “beyond a reasonable doubt” and with criminal penalties applying (including incarceration), an ICC determination must comport to criminal law. In criminal law,… Continue reading Can a Post on Social Media Violate a PFA?
Free Consultation: 412.780.0008 Nothing says “I love you” like a restraining order, according to the song by post-hardcore band Our Last Night. All kidding aside, a restraining order – a/k/a Protection From Abuse Act Order (“PFA”) – is serious business. No level of abuse should be tolerated. Any amount of abuse is too much. For this reason, the… Continue reading Protection From Abuse Act Defense